Hajm:
AAA
Rang: CCC
Rasmlar: YoqishO'chirish
Oddiy ko'rinish
Qidirish
Bizning manzil:
100000, Toshkent shahri, Mustaqillik shox ko'chasi, 59
Ishonch telefoni:
+ (998 71) 232-50-54

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            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 1
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [52] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Ishonch telefoni
            [LINK] => /uz/feedback/ishonch-telefonlari/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 2
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
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    [53] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Yagona telefon xizmati
            [LINK] => /uz/feedback/yagona-telefon-xizmati/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 3
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [54] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Murojaatlar statistikasi
            [LINK] => /uz/feedback/murojaatlar-statistikasi/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 4
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [55] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Apelyatsiyani ko'rib chiqish tartibi
            [LINK] => /uz/feedback/apellyatsiyani-ko-rib-chiqish-tartibi
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => P
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 5
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [56] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Jismоniy vа yuridik shахslаrni qаbul qilish jadvali
            [LINK] => /uz/feedback/jismoniy-va-yuridik-shakhslarni-qabul-qilish-jadvali/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 6
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [57] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Agentlikka murojaat yuborish
            [LINK] => https://pm.gov.uz/oz#/authorities/4/35/_apply 
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => Z
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => P
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 7
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [58] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Axborot xizmati
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 6
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 1
            [IS_PARENT] => 1
        )

    [59] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Rahbariyatning chiqish va bayonnomalari
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/rahbariyatning-chiqish-va-bayonnomalari/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 0
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [60] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Media reja va Press-relizlar
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/media-reja/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 1
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [61] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => E’lonlar, konkurslar va tenderlar
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/elonlar-konkurslar-va-tenderlar/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 2
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [62] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => OAV vakillarini akkreditasiyadan o’tkazish
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/oav-vakillarini-akkreditasiyadan-o-tkazish
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => P
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 3
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [63] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Agentlik nashrlari
            [LINK] => /uz/nashrlar/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 4
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [64] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Foto va video galereya
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/foto-va-video-galereya/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 5
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [65] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Axborot xizmati bilan bog’lanish
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/axborot-xizmati-bilan-bog-lanish/
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => D
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 6
            [PARAMS] => Array
                (
                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

    [66] => Array
        (
            [TEXT] => Agentlik faoliyatiga doir idoraviy hujjatlar
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/agentlik-faoliyatiga-doir-idoraviy-hujjatlar
            [SELECTED] => 
            [PERMISSION] => R
            [ADDITIONAL_LINKS] => Array
                (
                )

            [ITEM_TYPE] => P
            [ITEM_INDEX] => 7
            [PARAMS] => Array
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                )

            [DEPTH_LEVEL] => 2
            [IS_PARENT] => 
        )

)


Ilk patent qachon berilgan?

Ilk patent qachon berilgan?

Patent huquqi tarixi o'rta asrlarning oxirlarida paydo bo'lgan ixtirolarga berilgan imtiyozlardan boshlanadi. Dastlab, imtiyozlar monarxning xohishiga binoan berilgan va ma'lum bir shaxs yoki tashkilot manfaatiga xizmat qiluvchi monopoliya edi. Shu bilan birga, ixtiro uchun patentni ixtirochining shaxsan o’zi emas balki, patent uchun yetarlicha pul to'lagan har kim olishi mumkin edi.

Shunga qaramay, sanoat jadal rivojlanayotgan davrda insonlar ixtiro qilishdan to’xtamas edi. Va shunday qilib, dunyoda birinchi ixtiroga patent 1421 yilda Florensiya shahar mahkamasi tomonidan kemaning burilish kranini ixtiro qilgan Filippo Brunelleski nomiga berilgan. Buyuk Britaniyaning eng qadimgi patenti 1449 yilda Genrix VI tomonidan Flamandlik Djonga Iton kollejining rangli oynalarni ishlab chiqarishni o’ylab topgani uchun berilgan.
Zamonaviy talqindagi patent so’zi Venetsiya Respublikasida 1474 yilda paydo bo'lgan. Aynan shu yilda qalbakilashtirilishini oldini olish uchun amaliyotga tatbiq etilgan ixtirolar haqida respublika hukumatiga ma’lum qilish shartligi to’g’risida qaror qabul qilindi. Qarorga ko’ra, patentning amal qilish muddati 10 yil edi. O'sha davrda qirol hokimiyati zamonaviy patent prototipi bo'lgan "shaxsiy imtiyozlar" berish orqali ixtirochilar huquqlarini himoya qilib chiqdi. Ushbu imtiyozlarning maqsadi ixtirochini ishlab chiqaruvchi nazoratidan ozod qilish edi.
1623 yilda Angliyada Monopoliyalar to'g'risidagi Nizom e'lon qilindi, unga ko'ra patentlar yangi ixtirolar loyihalariga berilishi boshlandi.
Ixtirochilarning patent himoyasi sohasidagi ilk sud ishlari ham Angliyada bo’lib o’tgan. "Ipsvichdan kelgan mato ustalari" sud ishi hukmida shunday deyilgan: "Agar kimdir qirollikda yangi ixtiro va ishlab chiqarishni hayoti va boyligini xavf ostiga qo'yib yaratgan bo'lsa, unda u qirol iltifotiga ko’ra, faqatgina ixtirochiga o’z mablag'lari va sa'y-harakatlarini qoplashi uchun ixtirodan foydalanish huquqi berilgan. Patentning amal qilish muddati tugagach, qirol qayta egalik huquqini tiklash mas’uliyatini zimmasiga olmagan”.

Xulosa qilib aytganda, mulkka egalik huquqi va inson kapitali himoyasining dastlabki ko’rinishlari XV asrda paydo bo’lib, vaqt o’tgan sari inson yaratgan ishlanmalar zamonaviy qiyofa kasb eta boshladi. Bugungi kunga kelib esa, ixtirolar hayotimizning ajralmas qismiga aylangan.

Mediateka
YANGILIKLARGA OBUNA BO'LING!