Hajm:
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Oddiy ko'rinish
Qidirish
Bizning manzil:
100000, Toshkent shahri, Mustaqillik shox ko'chasi, 59
Ishonch telefonlari:
1008 yoki
+ (998 71) 232-50-50

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Oʼzbekiston Respublikasi Vazirlar Mahkamasining 2020 yil 23 martdagi “Koronavirus infeksiyasi tarqalishiga qarshi qoʼshimcha chora-tadbirlar toʼgʼrisida”gi qaroriga muvofiq Аdliya vazirligi huzuridagi Intellektual mulk agentligi xodimlari masofadan turib ishni tashkil etishgan. Agentlikka murojaat qiluvchi fuqarolar kerakli bo’limni tanlab bog’lanishlari mumkin.

“Xalqaro patentlanmagan nom” nima degani?

“Xalqaro patentlanmagan nom” nima degani?

Xalqaro patentlanmagan nom (XPN) bu dorivor moddaga tayinlangan rasmiy nom sanaladi. Xalqaro patentlanmagan nomlar (XPN) farmatsevtik moddalar va faol farmatsevtik ingredientlarni aniqlashga, identifikatsiyalashga yordam beradi. Har bir XPN butun dunyoda tan olingan va jamoat mulki bo'lgan noyob nomdir. Patentlanmagan nom generik nom sifatida ham tanilgan. XPNga misollar: ibuprofen, mefloxin va diazepam.

Dori vositalarining tarkibi bo’yicha qabul qilingan xalqaro me’yorlarga ko’ra, ularning asosiy ta’sir etuvchi moddasi (substansiya) – xalqaro patentlanmagan nomi ko’rsatilishi shart.
Masalan, har birimiz biladigan ASPIRINning tarkibi (XPN) - atsetilsalitsil kislotasi, ASPIRIN nomi esa uni birinchi bo’lib kimyoviy sintez qilib, ishlab chiqqan kompaniya – “Bayer” (Germaniya) tomonidan berilgan. ASPIRIN nomi bu “Bayer”ning atsetilsaletsil kislota saqlagan dori vositasi uchun qo’ygan savdo nomi ya’ni original preparatga tanlangan nom.

Vakolat

Butunjahon sog'liqni saqlash tashkiloti "Biologik, farmatsevtika va shunga o'xshash mahsulotlar uchun xalqaro standartlarni ishlab chiqish, o'rnatish va ilgari surish" uchun ustuvor vakolatlarga ega hisoblanadi.

Butunjahon sog'liqni saqlash tashkiloti XPN sohasidagi mutaxassislar va milliy nomenklatura qo'mitalari bilan yaqin hamkorlikda har bir faol modda uchun bitta umumiy nom tanlab olishadi, ular butun dunyoda tan olinadi va farmatsevtika preparati sifatida reklama qilinishida hamda sotilishida ko’maklashadi. Bemorlarning xavfsizligiga tahdid soladigan chalkashliklarning oldini olish uchun dorilarning savdo belgilari nomlari XPNdan olinmasligi kerak va XPNda ishlatiladigan so'zlarga asos bo'lmasligi kerak. XPNni tanlash va nashr etish uchun “Sog'liqni saqlash tizimlari va xizmatlari - Asosiy dori-darmonlar va tibbiy mahsulotlar - XPN dasturining dori-darmonlarning sifati va xavfsizligi” guruhi javobgar bo’ladi.

Original preparat

Original preparat – bir yoki bir nechta farmasevtika kompaniyalar tomonidan ixtiro qilingan mutlaqo yangi preparatning in vitro (laboratoriya)dan – in vivo (tirik organizmlar, hayvonlar, odamlar)gacha bo’lgan jarayoni tufayli tibbiyotda qo’llashga ruxsat olingan dori-darmonlar tushuniladi. Odatda bitta original preparat (dori) uchun 15-20 yillik vaqt va bir necha 100 millionlab dollargacha sarflanadi.
Evaziga esa, o’sha kompaniya yangi dorisini 20 yil davomida (patent davri) faqat o’zi, istagan narxda savdoga chiqaradi. Shu tartiblar tufayli yirik farmasevtika kompaniyalar milliardlab dollar daromad ko’radi.


Misol uchun, AQShning yirik farmasevtika konserni “Pfizer” (pfayzr) (oxirgi 50 yillik faoliyati davomida birorta generik dori ishlab chiqarmagan. Bitta yangi original dori uchun 12-15 yil vaqt va 3-6 mlrd. AQSh dollari sarflashi ma’lumdir. Yillik ishlab chiqarish hajmi dunyo bo’yicha 68-72 mlrd dollarga teng.
“Pfizer”ga o’xshash farmasevtika zavodlari dunyo bo’ylab juda ko’p va ular yangi dorilar ixtirosiga, ilmiy izlanishlarga har yili 2-2.5 mlrd. dollar mablag’ yo’naltirishadi.

Generik dorilar

Generik dorilar – patent muddati (20 yil) tugaganidan keyin uning asosiy ta’sir etuvchi moddasi (XPN)ni boshqa kichik farmasevtika zavodlar tomonidan ishlab chiqarilishi boshlanishiga ruxsat etiladi. Bunday dorilar generiklar deyiladi. Bunda original preparatga berilgan savdo nomi asl egasida qoladi, lekin uning XPN hamma uchun ochiq bo’ladi.

Masalan, simetikon tarkibi tomchilarda qorin dam bo'lishiga qarshi “Bobotik” dori vositasi keyinchalik boshqa kompaniyalar tomonidan turli nomlarda chiqarilgan: “Espumizan”, “Kolikvel”, “Bebetik MR”, “Anyiflat” … Lekin bachrasida XPN nomi, ya’ni asosiy ta’sir etuvchi moddasi (substansiya) bitta – simetikon sanaladi.

Qo’shmurod Yomg'irov, 

mustaqil tadqiqotchi

Mediateka
YANGILIKLARGA OBUNA BO'LING!