Hajm:
AAA
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Oddiy ko'rinish
Qidirish
Bizning manzil:
100000, Toshkent shahri, Mustaqillik shox ko'chasi, 59
Ishonch telefonlari:
1008 yoki
+ (998 71) 232-50-54

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            [LINK] => https://pm.gov.uz/oz#/authorities/4/35/_apply 
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Termitlarga qarshi vosita va uning olinish usuli yaratildi

Termitlarga qarshi vosita va uning olinish  usuli yaratildi

Hasharotlarning termitlar turkumiga mansub vakillari tabiatda juda keng tarqalgan boʼlib, ular tuproq bilan bogʼliq boʼlgan har xil ekologik muhitlarda jamoa hosil qilib hayot kechiradi. Hozirgi davrda termitlarning 2862 tadan ortiq turi maʼlum. Ulardan 120 turi zararkunanda sifatida qayd qilingan.

Termitlar oʼsimliklar va yogʼochning tarkibini tashkil etuvchi sellyulyoza bilan oziqlanishga moslashgan, shu sababli, aholi turar joylari, ijtimoiy obʼektlar va tarixiy obidalarga katta zarar yetkazadi.

Tarixda termitlarning zararli taʼsiri natijasida ayrim aholi punktlari, hatto, shaharlarni koʼchirishga majbur boʼlishgani toʼgʼrisida maʼlumotlar bor.

Termitlarning yashirin hayot tarzi, ekologik tashqi muhit omillaridan himoyalanganligi va termitlar sonining nihoyatda koʼpligi, ularga qarshi kurash choralari oʼtkazilgan taqdirda ham oz miqdorda qolgan termitlar tezlikda oʼz populyatsiyasini qayta tiklash qobiliyatini saqlab qoladi.

Oʼzbekiston hududida Anacanthotermes avlodiga mansub Turkiston va Katta kaspiy orti termitlari tarqalgan boʼlib, ayniqsa, keyingi 20-30 yil davomida respublikamizning deyarli barcha viloyatlari va Qoraqalpogʼiston Respublikasida aholi xonadonlari, qishloq xoʼjaligi binolari, hatto tarixiy obidalarga katta zarar yetkazmoqda.

Ixtiro organik kimyo, yuqori molekulyar birikmalar kimyosi, biokimyoga oid. Tarkibida izoniazid va etambutol bo’lgan poligalakturon kislotaning polimer konyugatini olish usuli taklif qilingan bo’lib, usul izopropil spirti muhitida 1 molli xlorid kislota eritmasi bilan 80-82 °C temperaturada pectin gidrolizini o’tkazib, tashuvchi polimer – poligalakturon kislotani olishdan iborat. Keyin poligalakturon kislota natriy periodati bilan buffer muhitda pH 4,5da 2,5 soat davomida 25 °C temperaturada oksidlanadi. Bunda olingan poligalakturon kislotaning dialdegidi atseton bilan cho’ktiriladi. So’ngra poligalakturon kislotaning konyugatsiyasi izoniazid va etambutol hozirligida o’tkaziladi. Hosil bo’lgan mahsulot rotatsion quritish yo’li bilan ajratib olinadi.

Ixtironing ahamiyatli jihati poligalakturon kislota (PGK) asosida tarkibida silga qarshi ikkita preparat – oson gidrolizlanuvchi gidrozon aloqa vositasida izoniazid va ion aloqa vositasida etambutol bo’lgan konyugat olish usulini ishlab chiqishdan iborat bo’lib, u termitlarga qarshi kurashda samarali vosita hisoblanadi.

Ixtiro uchun O’zbekiston Respublikasi Fanlar akademiyasi O.S.Sodiqov nomidagi Bioorganik kimyo institutiga “Ixtirolаr, foydаli modellаr vа sаnoаt nаmunаlаri toʼgʼrisidа”gi O’zbekiston Respublikasining qonuniga ko’ra IAP 05623 raqamli patent berildi.

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