Hajm:
AAA
Rang: CCC
Rasmlar: YoqishO'chirish
Oddiy ko'rinish
Qidirish
Bizning manzil:
100011, Toshkent shahri, Xadra mavzesi, 33
Ishonch telefonlari:
+ (998 71) 232-50-50
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Oʼzbekiston Respublikasi Vazirlar Mahkamasining 2020 yil 23 martdagi “Koronavirus infeksiyasi tarqalishiga qarshi qoʼshimcha chora-tadbirlar toʼgʼrisida”gi qaroriga muvofiq Аdliya vazirligi huzuridagi Intellektual mulk agentligi xodimlari masofadan turib ishni tashkil etishgan. Agentlikka murojaat qiluvchi fuqarolar kerakli bo’limni tanlab bog’lanishlari mumkin.

17 mart kuni qanday ixtirolar patentlangan

17 mart kuni qanday ixtirolar patentlangan

Foto:sputniknews.ru

Bu qiziq!

170 yil oldin angliyalik Stiven Perri ofis tasmasi (rezinka)ni patentladi.

Kanselyariya rezinkasi – yupqa va aylana shaklga ega bo’lib, turli buyumlarni o’zaro bog’lash, jipslashtirish uchun mo’ljallangan kauchuk tasma. Uning diametri bir necha santimetrdan oshmaydi.


Tasma 1844 yilda angliyalik Stiven Perri tomonidan ixtiro qilingan va u o’z ixtirosiga 1845 yil 17 martda ishlab chiqarishni yo’lga qo’yish uchun patent olgan.

Dastlab u qimmatli qog'ozlarning varaqlarini bog'lash va dori-darmon idishlariga retseptlarni jipslashtirish uchun ishlatilgan. Ixtiro juda oddiy bo’lishiga qaramay, kanselyariya tasmasining ishlab chiqarish texnologiyasi 1845 yildan beri deyarli o'zgarmadi.

Shuningdek, tez orada ofis tasmasi o'yinchoq va o'yinchoqlar uchun "o'q-dorilar" sifatida foydalanila boshlandi (tasma bajaradigan o’zgacha vazifa 1920 yilda patentlangan).

Angliyalik tadbirkor Stiven Perri xuddi shu yili 17 martda elastik bandajni ham patentladi. Uning vazifasi jarohatni qattiq bog’lash yoki siqish bo’lgan.

Ilk bog’lamlar Misrda ishlatiladigan. Misrliklar zig'ir iplariga asal, moy, sharob va xushbo'y hid va mirradan olingan qatronlar surtib jarohatni maxsus ishlov berilgan “bint”lar bilan bog’lashgan.

O'rta asrlarda yara tez bitishi uchun boylamga zaytun sharbati, terpentin yog’i, "shifobaxsh suvlar", turli xil o'tlar, o'simliklarning ildizlari va barglari, loy, qorakuya, tuproq, cho'chqa yog'i va tuxum po’chog’ini surtib foydalanishgan.


Bizgacha Stefan Perri yaratgan elastik bandajning tavsifi saqlanmagan, ammo ishonchli ma’lumotlarga ko’ra 1 o’ram (91 sm) elastik bandajni 6 AQSh dollaridan sotgani ma'lum. Bugungi kunda elastik bandajlar cho’zilish darajasiga qarab sinflarga bo'linadi va travmatik asoratlar, surunkali tromboflebit, varikoz tomirlari kengayisih, shishlar, ko'karishlar, suyak sinishi, chiqishi, shishlarning oldini olish va davolash uchun keng miqyosda ishlatiladi.

Mediateka
YANGILIKLARGA OBUNA BO'LING!