Hajm:
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Oddiy ko'rinish
Qidirish
Bizning manzil:
100000, Toshkent shahri, Mustaqillik shox ko'chasi, 59
Ishonch telefonlari:
1008 yoki
+ (998 71) 232-50-50

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    [56] => Array
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            [TEXT] => Jismоniy vа yuridik shахslаrni qаbul qilish jadvali
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            [LINK] => https://pm.gov.uz/oz#/authorities/4/35/_apply 
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            [PERMISSION] => Z
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            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/
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        (
            [TEXT] => Rahbariyatning chiqish va bayonnomalari
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/rahbariyatning-chiqish-va-bayonnomalari/
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            [TEXT] => Media reja va Press-relizlar
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/media-reja/
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            [TEXT] => E’lonlar, konkurslar va tenderlar
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/elonlar-konkurslar-va-tenderlar/
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    [62] => Array
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            [TEXT] => OAV vakillarini akkreditasiyadan o’tkazish
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/oav-vakillarini-akkreditasiyadan-o-tkazish
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            [LINK] => /uz/nashrlar/
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            [TEXT] => Foto va video galereya
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/foto-va-video-galereya/
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            [TEXT] => Axborot xizmati bilan bog’lanish
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/axborot-xizmati-bilan-bog-lanish/
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            [TEXT] => Agentlik faoliyatiga doir idoraviy hujjatlar
            [LINK] => /uz/exhibition/agentlik-faoliyatiga-doir-idoraviy-hujjatlar
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)


Oʼzbekiston Respublikasi Vazirlar Mahkamasining 2020 yil 23 martdagi “Koronavirus infeksiyasi tarqalishiga qarshi qoʼshimcha chora-tadbirlar toʼgʼrisida”gi qaroriga muvofiq Аdliya vazirligi huzuridagi Intellektual mulk agentligi xodimlari masofadan turib ishni tashkil etishgan. Agentlikka murojaat qiluvchi fuqarolar kerakli bo’limni tanlab bog’lanishlari mumkin.

1889 йил 11 июнда йиғма стул ихтиро қилинди

1889 йил 11 июнда йиғма стул ихтиро қилинди

1889 йил 11 июнда "мебел"лар инқилоби рўй берди.

Aмерикалик Жон Перди ва Жеймс Садгвар йиғма стулни ихтиро қилишди. Ихтиро эса фақат битта сабаб билан юз берди яъни глобал индустриализация бошланиб, одамлар шаҳарларга интила бошлади, аҳоли зичлиги ошди ва турар жойлар ҳажми камая бошлади. Ушбу "кашфиёт"дан сўнг, мебелларни патентлаш юқори чўққига чиқди: диван-кроват, кресло-кроват, чамадон-бюро, кроватга айланувчи саёҳат сандиғи каби мебелларга патентлар берила бошланди.

Кўриниб турганидек, биргина ихтиро бутун бошли мебеллар саноатида инқилоб ясаб, соҳани янада ривожланишига туртки берди.

Аслида стул тарихи қадимги Миср даврига бориб тақалади. Дастлаб, мисрликлар ўтириш учун ясси ўриндиқ ва оддий тахталар ишлатишган. Мисрликлар биринчи бўлиб курсилар учун тирсак қўйгич, суянчиқ ва юмшоқ таглик ўйлаб топишган. Янги курси жуда қулай ва давлат ҳукмдорларига муносиб эди. Шундай қилиб, бугунги стулларнинг авлоди бўлган тахт пайдо бўлади. Қоҳира миллий музейида шундай тахтлардан бири қадимий кедрдан ясалган олтин билан қопланган, марварид ва қимматбаҳо тошлар билан безатилган Тутанхамон тахти сақланади. 

Қадимги юнонлар ва римликлар эса хоч оёқли стуллар, бронза ва мармардан ясалган ўриндиқлар яратишган. Қадимги Рим амалдорлари фил суяги билан безатилган қатлама стулларда ўтиришни хуш кўришган. Қуллар бу стулларни доим хожалари қаерга борса, ортидан олиб юришган. Сабаби қадимги замонда  ўриндиқ мавжудлиги хонадон эгасининг зодагон эканлигини англатарди.

Ўриндиқларнинг узоқ йиллик тарихидан сўнг ХIХ асрнинг ўрталарида мебель саноатида муҳим бурилиш содир бўлди. Веналик ёғоч ўймакор М.Тонет эгилган ёғочдан пишиқ ва арзон стуллар ясай бошлади. Эндиликда ўриндиқ ҳашамат белгиси эмас балки оддий одамлар ҳам фойдаланиши мумкин бўлган буюмга айланди. Тонет ғояси бутун дунёга кенг тарқалди ва тез орада ҳамма жойда эгилган фанера, металл, трубалардан мебель ишлаб чиқарила бошланди.

Кейинчалик пластмасса ва матолардан фойдаланиш урфга кирди. Бугунги кунда замонавий дизайнерлар турли хил дизайндаги стулларни яратмоқдалар, уларнинг аксарияти ноёб ва ғайриоддий бўлиб, улар ҳақиқий санъат асаридир.

Mediateka
YANGILIKLARGA OBUNA BO'LING!