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Qalbaki mahsulotlarga qarshi kurash. SalvatoreFerragamo va Gucci kabi mashhur brendlarning bu boradagi tajribasi.

04.06.2018
Qalbaki mahsulotlarga qarshi kurash.  SalvatoreFerragamo va Gucci kabi  mashhur brendlarning bu boradagi tajribasi.

Ko'p yillar davomida dunyoga mashhur kompaniyalar o'z tovar belgilari ostida qalbaki mahsulotlarni sotib kelayotgan turli veb-saytlar egalari bilan AQSh sudlari orqali kurashib kelmoqdalar.
Yaqinda Nyu-York Federal sudi orqali SalvatoreFerragamo nomli italyan brendi o'z tovar belgisiga nisbatan huquqlari qo'pol ravishda buzilgani borasida "Ferragamo" tovar belgisi ostida qalbaki mahsulotlar savdosi bilan shug'ullanib kelgan qariyb 60 ta nomi aniqlanmagan internet-savdogarlarga qarshi kurashda yutib chiqdi. Pirovardida sud tomonidan brendning mualliflik huquqiga daxl qilayotgan biryuz elikka yaqin domenni mashhur bredga topshirish haqida qaror qabul qildi.
Sud yetkazilgan zararni $60 mln.ga teng deb topdi, lekin afsuski, bu aniq raqam emas, chunki bu kabi qonunbuzarliklar ro'y bergan ko'pgina holatlarda bo'lgani kabi qalbaki mahsulotlarning noqonuniy savdosi bilan shug'ullanayotgan barcha aybdorlarni topishning iloji yo'q, demak, tovon pulini to'laligicha undirishning ham iloji yo'q.
Kompaniya vakillari sud qarori qoniqarli bo'lganini va bundan buyon ham brend manfaatlarini hamda nomini himoyalash uchun kontrafakt tovarlarga qarshi kurashishni davom etttirishlarini bildirdilar.
Eslatib o'tamiz, bu mashhur brendning o'z huquqini Amerika sudi orqali muvaffaqiyatli himoya qilishga erishgani borasidagi birinchi holat emas. 2013 yilda Ferragamo italyan modalar uyi FerragamoBagSale.com, FerragamoSingapore2012.com va FerragamoOnlineStore.com kabi brend nomi ostidagi qalbaki sumkalar, ko'zoynaklar va boshqa aksessuarlar bilan savdo qilgan kontrafakt 15 ta domen egalarini Manxetten sudiga bergan va bu ishda ham yutib chiqqan edi. Sud kompaniya hisobiga undirilgan tovon pulini $4,3 mln miqdorda belgilagandi.
Albatta SalvatoreFerragamo o'z mahsulotlariga nisbatan mualliflik huquqlarining buzilishiga qarshi kurashayotgan yagona kompaniya emas. Butun dunyoga mashhur Gucci brendi Florida Federal sudining qaroriga muvofiq 89 nafar Xitoy onlayn-do'konlaridan $9 mln. miqdorida tovon puli undirishga erishdi. Alohida ta'kidlash joizki, tovon puli to'lanishidan tashqari, barcha domenlar uchun huquqlar ham italyan brendi ixtiyoriga o'tkazildi.
2009 yilda Gucci Amerikaning Guess markasini "Gucci logitipining imitasiyasi uchun", jumladan mahsulot dizaynida Gucci ga tegishli bo'lgan qizil-yashil rangli yo'l-yo'l tasvirni hamda "G" harfini qo'llaganlikda ayblab sudga murojaat qildi. O'z mualliflik huquqi poymol etilganini Gucci rahbariyati $221 mln.ga baholadi va Guess dan aynan shu miqdordagi mablag'ni tovon puli sifatida talab qildi. Bir nechta sud majlislaridan so'ng 2012 yilda sud Gucci da'vosini tan oldi, lekin tovon puli miqdorini $4,7 mln.gacha kamaytirdi.
2017 yilda xuddi shu tartibdagi sud ishi Kanadaning MooseKnuckles brendi foydasiga hal bo'ldi, bu ish bo'yicha sud qaroriga ko'ra xitoylik veb-saytlar tarmog'i hisobidan MooseKnuckles foydasiga $52 mln. mablag' tovon puli undirildi.
Yaqin kelajakda nafaqat AQShda, balki butun dunyoda mualliflik huquqlarining muhofazasi bo'yicha sud ishlari yanada ko'payib borishi kutilmoqdaki, bu dunyo barcha mamlakatlarida mualliflik huquqi muhofazasiga e'tibor tobora kuchayib borayotganidan dalolat beradi.

https://blogs.korrespondent.net/blog/business/3960317/

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