Hajm:
AAA
Rang: CCC
Rasmlar: YoqishO'chirish
Oddiy ko'rinish
Qidirish
Bizning manzil:
100000, Toshkent shahri, Mustaqillik shox ko'chasi, 59
Ishonch telefoni:
+ (998 71) 232-50-54

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Sud ishida yutib chiqqan dizayner

27.11.2019
Sud ishida yutib chiqqan dizayner

Biznesning raqobat maydonida tovar va mahsulotlarning yorqin ko’rinishi, qadog’i ayniqsa undagi yozuvlar mahsulotning xaridorgirligini oshirishda katta ahamiyatga ega. Biroq, agar logotip, qadoq dizayni va yozuvlar shrifti mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan bo’lib, undan ruxsatsiz foydalanilsa bu shaxsiy mulkka dahl qilish hisoblanadi.

Shunday holatlardan biri 2019 yil boshida shrift dizayneri Nikolay Sirotkin va "Rosspirtprom" AJ o’rtasida yuz berdi. Nikolay Sirotkin Moskva shahar arbitraj sudidan kompaniya tomonidan «Утренняя роса», «Братья Таланцевы», «100 лет Чебоксарская» savdo markalari ostida ishlab chiqarilgan alkogol mahsulotlarini «Taumfel» shriftidan noqonuniy foydalanganligi sababli qalbaki deb topishni talab qilgan. Gap shundaki, mazkur shrift mualliflik huquqi Sirotkinga tegishli bo’lgan va ishlab chiqaruvchi muallif ruxsatisiz bu shriftlardan o’z mahsulotini sotish va daromad ko’rish maqsadida foydalangan. Natijada dizayner ayblanuvchidan 2,5 million rubl miqdorida tovon puli undirishni talab qilgan. Avgust oyida sudlanuvchi mualliflik huquqi egasining shriftidan foydalanganligini tasdiqlovchi ekspertiza o'tkazildi. Hozirda sud ishi davom etmoqda.


Dunyoning ko'plab mamlakatlari, shu jumladan Rossiya yurisdiktsiyasi, shriftlarga nisbatan ikki tomonlama ham grafik ob'ekt, ham dasturiy ta'minot sifatida himoyani nazarda tutadi. Istisno tariqasida faqat AQShda shriftlar dasturiy ixtiro sifatida himoyalangan. Shriftlarni huquqiy himoya qilishga ixtisoslashgan advokat Vasiliy Rojdestvin shriftlarning ikki xil himoyalanishi intellektual mulk egasi uchun yaqqol ustunlik ekanligini ma’lum qiladi. "Aytaylik, foydalanuvchi logotip ya’ni savdo markasi yoki mahsulot dizaynini yaratadi va mualliflik huquqini qo’lga kiritib, undan foydalanadi. Tadbirkor uchun mahsulotning mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan original shrift orqali ajralib turishi foydalidir, sababi raqobatchilar xuddi shu shriftdan foydalanib mahsulotni sotish huquqidan mahrum bo’ladi".

Biroq, har doim ham amaliyot kutilgan natijani bermaydi. Advokat Vasiliy Rojdestvin real voqelikka shunday baho beradi: "mualliflik huquqi egasi chakana savdo do'konida qalbaki mahsulotni aniqlaydi va shu zahoti bu haqida tegishli idoralarga da'vo arizasi yozadi. Biroq masala darhol o’z yechimini topmaydi. Savdo tarmoqlari, jarima katta emasligini bilib, tinchgina tijoratni davom ettiririshadi. Muallif sudga murojaat qiladi, bu bir necha yil davom etadi, shu vaqt ichida savdo tarmog'i tonnalab qalbaki mahsulotlarni sotishda davom etadi. Muallif kuchi, asabi, advokatlarga pulini sarflaydi va yakunida bahsni yutadi. Ammo beriladigan kompensatsiya miqdori soxta tovarlar ishlab chiqaruvchi va chakana savdo tarmog'ini mahsulot sotuvidan tushgan daromad hisobidan undiriladi". Bu esa ko’p hollarda kutilgan mablag’ bo’lib chiqmaydi. Shunga qaramay, 2018 yilda dizayner Nikolay Sirotkin o'zi yaratgan shriftlardan noqonuniy foydalangan ikki kompaniya ustidan sud ishini yutishga muvaffaq bo'ldi. Agar alkogol mahsulotlari yuzasidan sud ishi hozircha tugallanmagan bo'lsa, unda "Azerchay" savdo markasining choy ishlab chiqaruvchisi ("Kuban-Ti" MCHJ) va "Eksmo" nashriyot uyi bilan shu kabi nizolarda dizayner sud ishida yutib chiqdi. "Taumfel" shriftini choy qadoqlarida noqonuniy ishlatilish holati bo’yicha da'vogar foydasiga kompensatsiya sifatida 2,5 million rubl va kitob mahsulotlarini muallif ruxsatisiz "Mini" shriftida nashr etganlik uchun noshirdan 3,9 million rubl undirgan.

   

   Intellektual mulk huquqi egalari tadbirkorlar muallifga tegishli shriftni ko'pincha uni sotib olish uchun mablag’ yetishmasligi yoki bilmaslikdan emas, balki uni muallifga huquqiga hurmatsizlik ko'rsatib litsenziyasiz ishlatishidanshikoyat qilishadi. Biron bir kompaniya litsenziyani olishga qaror qilgan bo'lsa ham, uning vakillari muzokaralar jarayonida ko'pincha qonunni bilmasliklarini namoyish qiladilar, deydi shrift dizayneri, Brownfox shrift studiyasining rahbari Gayane Bagdasaryan.

Ammo, PROPHET integratsiyalashgan aloqa yechimlari agentligining dizayneri va veb-ishlab chiqaruvchisi Vadim Antonovning so'zlariga ko'ra, sud jarayonining achchiq tajribasi Rossiyada shriftlardan tijorat maqsadlarida foydalanish madaniyati shakllanishiga hissa qo'shmoqda: “Aytaylik, tovarni ishlab chiqaruvchi shriftni noqonuniy ishlatgan, keyin dizayner sudga murojaat qilgan - bozor tor va bu haqda hamma xabar topadi. Keyingi safar, kompaniyaning brend menejeri, shrift litsenziyasini sotib olmagani uchun ishdan bo'shatilishi yoki kattagina jarima to’lashi mumkinligini o’ylab ish qiladi. Intellektual mulk himoyasi mavjud bo’lmagan vaqtda nafaqat shriftlar balki butun mahsulot qalbakilashtirilar edi, endi esa dizaynerlar o'z huquqlarini buzayotgan huquqbuzarlarni sudga berib millionlab pul undirishmoqda".

Manbaa: www.rg.ru

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