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13.03.2018

Agar innovasiyalar sohasining chek-chegarasiz hudud ekaniga ishonch hochil qilmoqchi bo'lsangiz, sizga turli davrlarda patent olingan eng ajabtovur ixtirolarning quyida keltirilgan tarixi bilan tanishishni maslahat beramiz:

Po'kakdan ishlangan cho'milish kostyumi (1882 y.)


1882 yilda Pashal Plant ismli tinib-tinchimagan shaxs "po'kakdan ishlangan cho'milish kiyimi" uchun patent olgan ekan. Ushbu kiyim, (agar uni kiyim deb atash mumkin bo'lsa albatta) foydalanuvchining "tanasi va qo'l-oyoqlarining erkin harakatlanishini" ta'minlaydi va mayda po'kak bo'laklari va chilvirdan tayyorlanadi. Po'kakning suv yuzasida qalqib turish, ya'ni cho'kmas xususiyati ushbu kiyim sohibiga suzishni bilmay turib katta-kichik suv havzasida bemalol, ya'ni cho'kib ketishdan qo'rqmagan holda cho'milish imkonini bergan ekan. Suzishni bilmaydigan kishilar hozir ham kam emas. Lekin o'n to'qqizinchi asrda ixtiro qilingan po'kak cho'milish kiyimini hozir topib bo'larmidi?!  

Bir g'ildirakli transport vositasi (1885 y.)


1885 yilda Djon Otto Louz ismli ixtirochi monosikl ko'rinishidagi "bir g'ildirakli transport vositasini" ixtiro qilgan ekan. Bu ixtironing o'ziga xosligi shundaki, unda haydovchi uchun joy aynan g'ildirakning o'rtasida ajratilgan, ya'ni, haydovchi aylanib harakatlanayotgan g'ildirakning o'rtasida o'tirgan holda vositani boshqargan ekan. Bu vositadagi eng muhim qulaylik esa haydovchi tepasiga o'rnatilgan kenggina soyabon hisoblanadi: axir, soyabon bo'lmasa haydovchining ust-boshi shalabbo bo'lishi yoki u yo'l-yo'lakay chekib ketayotgan trubka o'chib qolishi mumkin-ku!

Salomlashish uchun moslama (1896 y.)


Har bir inson bir kun davomida ish joyida yoki ko'cha-kuyda o'nlab kishilar bilan salomlashishi odatiy hol. Aminmizki, XIX asrda ham shunday bo'lgan. Ustiga-ustak, o'sha zamon etiketiga ko'ra erkaklar kim bilan salomlashishmasin, bosh kiyimlarini, ya'ni shlyapalarini qo'lga olib, tavoze ko'rsatishlari yoki hech bo'lmasa ko'tarib qo'yishlari shart bo'lgan. 1896 yilda Djeyms K. Boyl ismli ixtirochi erkaklar kun davomida bosh kiyimlarini yechib-kiyaverib, ko'tarib qo'yaverib charchab ketayotganlarini his qilgan chog'i, antiqa lekin qulay bo'lgan "salomlashish uchun moslamani" ixtiro qildi va erkaklarning etiket me'yorlariga doimo amal qilishlarini osonlashtirmoqchi bo'ldi. Bu ixtiro ommabop bo'lganmi-yo'qmi bilmaymizu, lekin uning darhaqiqat o'z sohibiga salomlashishida "yordam bergani" aniq. Kichkinagina bu moslama shlyapa ichiga joylashtirilib, sohibi birov bilan salomlashmoqchi bo'lganda avtomatik tarzda bosh kiyimni ko'tarilishi va bir tomonga o'girilishini ta'minlagan. Sochini kaltaroq oldirish uruvchilarga bu moslamadan foydalanish yanayam osonroq bo'lgan ekan.

Tebranuvchan vanna (1900 y.)


1900 yilda Otto A. Gensel "chaylaqaladigan yoki tebranadigan vanna" uchun patent olgan ekan. Ixtiro cho'milayotgan kishining tebranma vannada hosil bo'lgan to'lqindan zavqlanishi uchun mo'ljallangan ekan. Yaxshiyam, hozirgi kunda suv attraksionlari bor, aks holda odamlar hali hamon tebranma vannaga xaridor bo'lib yurisharmidi?!

Tovuqlar uchun himoya ko'zoynaklari (1903 y.)


Tovuqlar bir-birlarining ko'zini cho'qir ekan, buni ko'pchilik bilsa kerak. 1903 yilda Endryu Jekson tovuqlarning bu beboshligiga chek qo'yishga urinib ko'rgan ekan. Qanday qilib deysizmi? Albatta, ixtiro orqali-da, axir tovuqlarni tarbiyalab bo'larmidi?! Janob Jekson o'ylay-o'ylay "tovuqlar uchun himoya qo'zoynagini" ixtiro qiladi. Ko'ziga maxsus ko'zoynak taqib olgan tovuq qo'zini boshqa tovuqlar cho'qiy olmas ekan. Balki o'sha davrda barcha "o'zini hurmat qilgan tovuqlar" qo'zoynak taqib yurishgan bo'lsa bordir, ammo hozir ko'zoynak taqqan tovuqlarni faqat animasion filmlarda ko'rish mumkin.

YANGILIKLARGA OBUNA BO'LING!